Niagara is one of the most fertile areas in Canada, as it is blessed with excellent soil and moderate temperatures. The region’s hot summer for growth, and long fall season for harvesting, combined with adequate rainfall produce optimal conditions for sustaining agriculture. The region is known for its large variety of tender fruits including grapes, which are used in the production of Niagara’s award winning wines. There are many vineyards in the area where you can see a variety of grapes being grown on the vine.
The Niagara region has over 70 species of trees, including evergreen pines, spruce, cedar, and hemlock trees, however, the woods are dominated by deciduous species such as oak, maple, and beech trees.
Southwestern Niagara is privileged to be in the northern most part of the Carolinian region. Its mature forests are made up of rare tulip trees, sassafras, black cherry, paw paw and blue ash trees, which are scattered amongst more common species such as sugar maples. This region is one of the most biologically diverse in Canada, with 40 percent of rare vascular plants occurring only in this area.